Do not shoot in RAW
We usually advise to shoot in RAW in a general way since, as we have explained some time, it is the format that more information of the shot collects, allowing us to work better in the processing of the subsequent image. Indoors, I will advise you with even more fervor if possible. Shooting in RAW will allow you to make small adjustments afterwards without losing quality in the image.
Do not control the Balance of Targets
All the lights have different color temperature. There are warm, greenish, bluish or white. And although our eye may not perceive them at first glance, our camera does. When we take pictures indoors, it is very common to find lights that dye our image of orange tones (tungsten lights) or greenish (fluorescent) and even with several of them mixed. In order to avoid that the different tones dominate our image, it is essential to configure the white balance of our camera previously unless, as I advised you in the previous point, you have shot in RAW. In that case, you can adjust it in the subsequent processing of the image.
Adjust the white balance of your camera or shoot in RAW
Use the flash
Do not get me wrong, if you know how to use it, a good external flash can be a great ally, but if you do not master it, or if you only have the one that is incorporated into your camera, better deactivate it and work with the light you have. The built-in flashes emit a flash of hard light of short range, so we usually find a close-up that is very bright (sometimes even burned) and dark as it moves away.
Hard and inefficient lighting
Flatten the image and modify the original colors
Creates reflections on certain surfaces such as mirrors or reflective furniture.
Try looking for alternatives to avoid using the built-in flash
Abusing the ISO
To combat the lack of light that often characterizes the interior, it is easy to fall into an abuse of the ISO to increase the sensitivity of our sensor to light and thus have more room to work with slightly higher speeds. So far the idea is good. The bad thing is that in dark interiors you need a minimum ISO so high that all your images will lose the minimum acceptable sharpness that a good image needs.
Do not use tripod
Here you have the solution to your problems of lack of light; neither increase the ISO nor use the flash. The best thing is that you work on a tripod, that you leave the ISO at a low value (100 for example) and that you adjust the necessary speed accordingly. This way you will avoid moving and noisy images, and you will get the light you need.
Now, if you want to photograph something that has intrinsic movement (pets, people …) you will have no choice but to upload the ISO, open the diaphragm, or use the flash as a last option.
Do not control the background
Yes, you left the bed undone, and maybe when you did the photo you did not notice but the camera does not miss anything. A sock sticks out, there’s a jacket thrown in any way, or the snack plates of your friends. children without picking up Look closely at everything that fills your frame because the elements that do not control can spoil the image. If you need to move furniture, change the frame or pick up a little. Think a little before pressing the shutter and half of the photos that are candidates to the recycling bin will disappear as if by magic
If the background bothers you, do not forget that you can play with the aperture of your camera’s diaphragm to modify the depth of field or area focused on the image. Remember that at low diaphragm values (for example f / 2.8) shallow depth of field.
Another option to eliminate unwanted elements is to close the frame. Get closer and leave something that does not interest you outside of it.